MARTIN B-57

B-57 SERVICE

Origins: Developed from the British built English Electric Canberra
built by the following manufacturers:
English Electric Co. Ltd., Preston, Lancashire, England
823 built, 20 Canberra variants, 1949 - 1963, ff: 13/05/1949.
Government Aircraft Factory (GAF), Melbourne, Australia
48 built as the Canberra Mk. 20, 1951 - 1958, ff: 29/05/1953.
The Martin Aircraft Co., Baltimore, Maryland, USA
403 built as the B-57, 1952 - 1957, ff: 20/07/1953.
Manufacturer: The Martin Aircraft Co., Baltimore, Maryland, USA
(In 1956, became The Martin Co.)
Models: Martin Model 272, 294, 744, 796, 797
Designation: B-57
Names: Night Intruder (B-57B), Canberra (RAF)
First official flight: (B-57A) 20/07/1953
Factory production period: 1952 - 1957
Primary service period: 1954 - 1974
Last official flight: (EB-57E) 1982

B-57 VARIANTS

1953 Model 272 B-57A 8  
1953 Model 272A RB-57A 67 Total: 075
         
1954 Model: ? B-57B 202  
1954 Model: ? B-57C 38 Total: 240
         
1955 Model 294/744
796/797
RB-57D 20 Total: 020
         
1956 Model 272E B-57E 68 Total: 068

Grand Total: 403

B-57 PRODUCTION

Canberra B.Mk. 2 1950, s/n: 51-17352 ex.(RAF) WD940, 51-17387 ex.(RAF) WD932.
2 pattern aircraft for US production, flown from England to USA
in 1951 to establish a production line in Baltimore.

B-57A
As B.Mk. 2, twin-engined light tactical bomber,
engine upgrade, various changes for US
production techniques.
Produced 1952 - 1953

Martin Baltimore, Maryland (MA)

52-1418 / 52-1425 ? 8 Total: 008
33 additional airframes cancelled.

RB-57A
As B-57A, photo reconn. version.
Produced 1953 - 1954

Martin Baltimore, Maryland (MA)

52-1426 / 52-1492 ? 67 Total: 067

B-57B Night Intruder
As B-57A, redesigned forward fuselage
with tandem 2-seater cockpit, armament
upgrade, various improvements.
Produced 1954 - 1956

Martin Baltimore, Maryland (MA)

52-1493 / 52-1594
- 1 to NASA as 809.
?    
53-3859 / 53-3935 ?    
53-3937 / 53-3939 ?    
53-3941 / 53-3943 ?    
53-3945 / 53-3947 ?    
53-3949 / 53-3962 ? 202 Total: 202

B-57C
As B-57B, trainer with dual controls.
Original designation was TB-57B.
Later redesignated as TB-57C.
Produced 1954 - 1956

Martin Baltimore, Maryland (MA)

53-3825 / 53-3858 ?    
53-3936, 53-3940 ?    
53-3944, 53-3948 ? 38 Total: 038

RB-57D
As B-57B, high-alt. reconn. version,
engine upgrade, larger wings. Four
versions built with minor variations.
Produced 1955 - 1956

Martin Baltimore, Maryland (MA)

(Model 294) RB-57D-1
53-3977 / 53-3982 ? 6  
(Model 744) RB-57D-2
53-3970 / 53-3976 ? 7  
(Model 796) RB-57D-3
53-3963 ? 1  
(Model 797) RB-57D-4
53-3964 / 53-3969 ? 6 Total: 020

B-57E
As B-57C, general purpose version,
bomber / trainer / target tug convertible.
Produced 1956 - 1957

Martin Baltimore, Maryland (MA)

55-4234 / 55-4301 336 / 403 68 Total: 068

 

Grand Total: 403

B-57 CONVERSIONS

USAF

EB-57A 12 RB-57A, ECM upgrades for electronic warfare.
NRB-57A 1 RB-57A, permanent conversion for tests.
EB-57B 22 B-57B, ECM upgrades for electronic warfare.
JB-57B 4 B-57B, conversions for testing missile tracking systems, 2 originally
had the non-standard designation MSB-57B (Missile Simulator).
NB-57B 4 B-57B, permanent conversions for various tests.
RB-57B 1+ B-57B, photo reconn. conversions.
(NRB-57B) 1 RB-57B, permanent conversion for tests, later redesignated
as one of the NB-57B's.
WB-57B 1+ B-57B, weather reconn. conversions.
RB-57C 1+ B-57C, photo reconn. conversions.
WB-57C 5 TB-57C, weather reconn. conversions.
EB-57D 9 RB-57D, conversions with redesigned, stronger wings.
EB-57E 1+ B-57E, ECM upgrades for electronic warfare.
JB-57E 1 B-57E, temporary conversion for tests.
NB-57E 4 B-57E, permanent conversions for various tests.
RB-57E 1+ B-57E, photo reconn. conversions.
TB-57E 1+ B-57E, conversions as operational trainers.
RB-57F 21 3 RB-57A / 14 B-57B / 4 RB-57D, 1963-1974, major conversion program for
strategic reconn. aircraft. Extended nose for electronic equipment, extended
wings, engine upgrade plus 2 aux. jet pods. 3 later to NASA as 925,
926, 928. Conversions by General Dynamics Corp., Texas.
New s/n: 63-13286 / 63-13302, 63-13500 / 63-13503.
82 additional conversions cancelled.
(WB-57F) 19 RB-57F, 1968-1974, weather reconn. conversions.
B-57G 16 B-57B, 1969-1974, avionics upgrades in chin radome for night missions.
Prototype was designated as the YB-57G (52-1581).

FOREIGN MILITARY SERVICE
 - B-57's in service with the air forces of Pakistan, South Vietnam and Taiwan.

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