FAIRCHILD C-123 PROVIDER

C-123 SERVICE

Manufacturers: (prototypes and production) 
Chase Aircraft Co. Inc., West Trenton, New Jersey, USA
(Kaiser-Frazer Corp. became majority owner in 1953)
(production) 
The Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corp., Aircraft Division, Hagerstown, Maryland, USA
(experimental prototypes)
Stroukoff Aviation Corp., West Trenton, New Jersey, USA
Models: MS-8, 205, 473
Designations: C-123; C-134, C-136, CG-20, G-20
Names: Provider; Black Spot (NC/AC-123K), Avitruc (XCG-20)
First official flight: (XC-123) 14/10/1949
(C-123B) 01/09/1954
Factory production period: 1953 - 1958
Primary service period: 1955 - 1973
Last official flight: (C-123K) 1982

C-123 VARIANTS

Originally designed and developed by the Chase Aircraft Co. Inc., (1943),
as a Cargo Glider (CG) in the form of the CG-18 Avitruc (7 built, 1947) and the
similar piston engined C-122 Avitruc (11 built, 1948).
Later developed into the XCG-20 Avitruc (2 built, 1949).

1949 Model MS-8 XCG-20 2 Total: 002
         
1953 Model MS-8B YC-123B 1  
1954 Model MS-8B C-123B 302 Total: 303
         
1955 Model: ? YC-123E 1  
1957 Model: ? YC-123H 1 Total: 002

Grand Total: 307

C-123 PRODUCTION

XCG-20 Avitruc
Prototype Cargo Glider developed from the CG-18 / C-122.
Factory modified as:
XC-123 (47-786), piston engines, first flight: 14/10/1949.
XG-20 (47-787), glider form, first flight: 26/04/1950,
converted as jet powered XC-123A, first flight: 21/04/1951.
Produced 1949 - 1950

Chase West Trenton, New Jersey (CA)

47-786, 47-787 unknown 2 Total: 002

YC-123B
As XC-123, Kaiser built production version
but delivered as a service test aircraft.
Components built at West Trenton.
Produced 1953

Kaiser Mfg. Corp. (Kaiser-Frazer Corp.),
Willow Run, Ypsilanti, Michigan (CN)

52-1627 unknown

1

Total: 001
4 additional airframes cancelled.

C-123B
As XC-123, engine upgrade, squared tail.
Fairchild added a dorsal fin and from the
16th delivery squared rear cockpit windows.
Fairchild Model 205.
Produced 1954 - 1958
Fairchild Hagerstown, Maryland (FA)

54-552, 54-553 20001, 20002    
54-555 / 54-715
- 1 (54-557), static test airframe.
20004 / 20164    
55-4505 / 55-4577 20166 / 20238    
56-4355 / 56-4396 20239 / 20280    
57-6185 / 57-6202
- 18 to Venezuela.
20281 / 20298    
57-6289 / 57-6294 20299 / 20304 302 Total: 302

VC-123C - Proposed command transport, cancelled.

YC-123E
As C-123B, prototype with "Pantobase"
all terrain landing system, 4-bladed props.
Built from C-123B airframe s/n: 54-554.
Produced 1955

Stroukoff West Trenton, New Jersey (SA)

55-4031 20003 1 Total: 001

YC-123H
As C-123B, prototype for rough field
operations, modified undercarriage,
wing mounted jet-pods.
Produced 1956 - 1957

Fairchild Hagerstown, Maryland (FA)

54-2956 20165 1 Total: 001

C-136 - Proposed C-123B improvement, cancelled.

Grand Total: 307

C-123 CONVERSIONS

USAF

NC-123B 6 C-123B, permanent conversions with radome and special sensors.
UC-123B 3 C-123B, 1961, defoliant sprayer for use in Vietnam.
VC-123B 1 C-123B(56-4375), Gen. Westmoreland's VIP transport in Vietnam.
(VC-123K) 1 VC-123B, 1968, upgrade to "K" standards.
YC-123D 1 XC-123A(47-787), 1954, prototype with Boundary Layer Control
system and piston engine conversion, new s/n: 53-8068.
Converted by Stroukoff Aviation Corp., New Jersey.
C-123J 10 C-123B, 1957, wing-tip jet pods, skis, serving in Arctic regions.
C-123K 183 Model 473
C-123B, 1966-1982, two underwing jet engines, minor improvements.
Prototype was s/n: 54-581, total includes the single VC-123K.
Conversions by Fairchild-Hiller Corp., Maryland.
(NC-123K) 2 Black Spot, C-123K, conversions for armed night reconn. / surveillance.
Also designated as AC-123K.
(UC-123K) 34 C-123K, conversions as defoliant sprayers in Vietnam.
(C-123T) 1 C-123K, 1980, prototype turbo-prop upgrade for Thailand.
Conversion program later cancelled.
YC-134 1 YC-123B, 1956, Boundary Layer Control system, engine upgrade.
Converted by Stroukoff Aviation Corp., New Jersey.
Original designation was YC-123F.
(YC-134A) 1 YC-134, redesignation after "Pantobase" hydro-skis were added.
Converted by Stroukoff Aviation Corp., New Jersey.
Original designation was YC-123G.

US Coast Guard

SC-123B 11 C-123B, 1958-1962, upgrades for search and rescue, nose radome.
Assigned USCG s/n: 4357, 4358, 4505, 4507, 4509, 4529, 4540,
4541, 4589, 4668, 4705.
(HC-123B) 11 1962-1972, redesignation of SC-123B.

FOREIGN MILITARY / CIVILIAN SERVICE
 - C-123 Providers under the Military Assistance Program put into service with
   Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
 - Surplus aircraft later sold to Laos, The Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand,
   South Vietnam and other countries.
 - Some aircraft sold on the civil market as transports etc.

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